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Home > Design and management > Building design

Building design


40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE¿s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE¿s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85 

40 Under 40
 EP66 

A risk assessment procedure for health and safety in buidlings
This report describes the development of a procedure for the comparative evaluation of the health and safety risks associated with various aspects of buildings. BR402 

An introduction to building with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs)
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are a modern method of construction and are becoming increasingly popular as they are light, strong and versatile, thermally efficient and have low air leakage, able to be erected by a fast and predictable construction process. In most applications, SIPs are used as primary loadbearing components. This Information Paper gives information and advice on the design, construction and performance of the generic form of SIPs used primarily for domestic and light industrial construction. It also addresses conformity assessment, purchasing, insurance and other issues. IP13/04 

Architectural competitions: a handbook for promoters
Architectural competitions have had a bad press almost since they were first conceived. This book aims to clarify the process. It describes what competitions involve, why they should be undertaken, what type of competition to devise and for what specific purpose. The publication will be of interest both to architects and promoters. EM36 

Bird, bee and plant damage to buildings
This Digest provides guidance on the prevention of damage to external surfaces by birds, masonry bees, climbing plants and creepers, and biological growths. It describes how these animals and plants can cause deterioration in surfaces and mortar joints, and suggests both preventative measures, and methods of treating affected surfaces. DG418 

Building design pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on building design. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 35 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP252 

Building management systems: user experiences
A review of building management systems (BMS) users' experience covering, particularly, the benefits of BMS, the improvements in systems' performance between 1984 and 1987, problem areas, and the choice of BMS to match the operating environment and users' skills. IP10/89 

Building performance feedback: getting started
This Digest encourages the adoption of post occupancy evaluation (POE) as part of a process of continuous improvement in building performance. It introduces a strategic method of POE tailored to the early stages of a building's occupancy (ie the first 12 months) and discusses the use of the method and explains the principles of POE. The method uses a checklist during a discussion between the client and project team in a workshop session. The early stage POE method itself is presented in tabular form; a spreadsheet version can be downloaded from www.projects.bre.co.uk/earlypoe. DG478 

Building with Europe
This booklet provides guidance for firms submitting applications for EC funding. It describes the size, scope and objectives of the Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), explains how the construction industry can benefit from participation in the programme, shows how to maximise chances of success in seeking funding from the programme, and lists additional sources of useful information. EP30 

Building without cold spots
All new buildings have to meet minimum standards of energy efficiency. Achieving them makes extra demands on site practice and workmanship as well as on designers. Crucial to success is correct design and installation of thermal insulation. If there are gaps or weaknesses in the insulation, there will be cold spots in the building envelope, and these can lead to trouble. This Guide gives advice from BRE on how to build without gaps in insulation and how to avoid the problems caused by thermal bridges. GG35 

Cockroach infestation of dwellings in the UK
Cockroaches carry bacteria and cause allergies, and are therefore a distinct health hazard. They cannot easily be excluded from dwellings, but attention to design and detailing can minimise the risk of spread and permit more effective treatment. This IP gives guidance on remedial measures. IP1/95 

Control of lichens, moulds and similar growths
Explains how to treat affected interior (mould) and exterior (algae, lichens and mosses) surfaces. DG370 

Design decision-making in architectural practice
Describes how a study of designers in architectural offices showed that, despite the various information sources available to them, they relied most frequently on their own experience when making design decisions. IP11/82 

Designing quality buildings: a BRE guide
This BRE guide to the design of domestic and low-rise buildings gives building professionals the starting points for selection and specification of structural elements, materials and finishes. It covers, in a single volume, key elements of building design: site investigation and preparation, foundations, walls, windows and doors, roofs, floors and ceilings, basements, building services plus much more. Fully in line with UK regulations and standards, the guide is based on sustainable design requirements, in particular, how to achieve a long life, limit maintenance requirements, reduce defects and design for the future. 'Designing quality buildings' brings together the expertise of BRE’s architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists and is based on a thorough understanding of the physical, chemical and environmental characteristics of building materials and fabric. Features / Benefits Authoritative and wide-ranging, drawing together the expertise of BRE’s nationally and internationally respected architects, engineers, surveyors and scientists Covers key elements of building design and specification, with numerous keypoints, checklists, illustrations and tables Underpinned by sustainable design requirements Fully in line with UK regulations and standards Readership Building professionals: architects, designers, engineers, surveyors, contractors, materials suppliers and students. BR487 

Earthships
What exactly is an earthship? This book tells you everything you need to know to answer that question, and more. Architecture is undergoing rapid change as the issues of climate change and cutting carbon emissions in buildings become more and more widely understood. The earthship is a building concept that has evolved over the last 30 years, and represents a pioneering form of zero carbon residential building that tackles a variety of sustainability issues. This book charts the building of the first earthships in the UK and their relevance to home building and architecture generally. It offers lessons about sustainable architecture and about the legislative and regulatory culture that affects their construction, by looking at energy, water, building with waste, and construction methods, and assessing the future of these buildings. Benefits The most wide-ranging and up-to-date book on earthships Detailed guidance on designing and building earthships, based on first hand experience Foreword by Kevin McCloud Over 100 photos and diagrams, colour throughout Shows how integrated sustainability techniques make earthships an inspirational example for future home building Readeship Architects and architectural technicians, planners and building control officers, developers, contractors and self-builders, national, regional and local government agencies, structural and building services engineers, environmentalists, waste and energy companies.  EP78 

Factors affecting service life predictions of buildings
This report covers: alternative approaches to predicting service lives for components; features of a factorial approach to service life prediction; analysis of critical factors affecting service life; experience of factoring systems and recommendations on number of factors; worked examples for pressed steel lintels, softwood windows, and fibre-based cement slates; summary of findings, and conclusions. BR320 

Falls from domestic balconies
This paper and its companion IP 17/93 summarise statistical studies of the occurrences of falls from windows and balconies using data from the Home Accident Surveillance System and coroners' inquest notes. They describe the principal findings and likely implications for designers and occupiers of dwellings. IP18/93 

Good Building Guides
BRE Good Building Guides tell you how to achieve good quality building. Drawing mainly on BRE site experience and research they provide clear technical advice and solutions and covering a range of subjects from roofing to offsite construction. The full set of available Good Building Guides - worth over £700 individually - is just £120. Collated in a sturdy ring binder for ease of use, this set provides a substantial library of information to any construction professional. Good Building Guides are backed by the Department of Trade and Industry under the Partners in Innovation scheme. GGSET 

Helping visually impaired people in their homes: assistive technology
The average age of the UK population is increasing and there is a natural desire among older people to remain in their own homes for as long as is practical. It is important to allow people whose sight deteriorates to carry on living in a familiar environment if it is safe for them to do so, and if that is what they want. There are many aspects of daily independent living that blind and partially sighted people find more difficult to cope with, particularly if appliances and tools that they are using have not been well designed. By giving them the tools to carry on living at home they can have more independence and control over their lives. IP8/03 

Managing and exploiting your knowledge assets
This report reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the construction industry with a view to highlighting how decision makers in construction organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It provides information on example applications that demonstrate their use in industrial sectors closely related to construction. Research and development projects that demonstrate the applicability of these techniques to the construction industry itself are also presented. BR382 

Masonry walls and beam-and-block floors
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied using aggregate concrete blocks. It gives information on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with a number of worked examples. The Digest has been fully revised to take account of the building regulations that came into force in different regions of the UK during 2006 and 2007. These new regulations are markedly different, by making a requirement in terms of overall CO2 emissions, in addition to performance requirements on individual elements. The regulations implement part of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which calls for a calculation methodology for assessing the energy performance of buildings and for regulations to be set based on that methodology. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD4 

Measuring up
Benchmarking has become the key business tool to effect change. It encompasses three key elements: a study of key internal processes; comparison with others; continuous improvement. This essential publication is drawn mainly from work carried out as a collaborative project, sponsored jointly by the Department of the Environment (DoE), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and representatives from industry. This guide concentrates on the Benchmarking methodology, and is an indispensable publication for construction industry clients, contractors, suppliers and consultants. BR336 

Meeting designers' needs for trade information
Intended for manufacturers of building materials and products, and trade associations. Describes how designers work and how they use information. IP14/85 

New environments for working
The New Environments for Working (NEW) study considers how office buildings and their environmental systems will perform when their pattern of use changes from the typical nine-to-five use for which most of them were designed. The study defines a number of modern working patterns, devising four metaphors (hive, den, cell and club) to describe organisational patterns of work and their spatial consequences. The book describes how these concepts can be applied, and their consequences for office design and operation from the perspective of the needs of office users, and of those responsible for procuring office space. The book also considers trends in how these working patterns are applied and the potential impact on product development. BR341 

Reducing the risk of pest infestations in buildings
Describes the pests that can be found in and around buildings and the problems they cause. It explains the principles for reducing pest infestation by exclusion and reduction of harbourage and food supply. DG415 

Schools Design Forum Workshop
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. These reports capture the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? They outline the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provide a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities AP244 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report captures the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, structured around five key questions: - Method or madness - where are we now? - Vision for the future - where would we like to be? - Indicators - how do we measure the vision? - Harnessing the power of change - turning ideas into reality - Planning for progress - how do we get there? It outlines the verbatim responses from 60 participants to the workshop programme and provides a stimulating and wide-ranging insight into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. Features / Benefits Gives an insight into the ongoing discussions by leading practitioners of the Building Schools for the Future programme. Rich source of ideas for future developments. Structured to match DfES 'doorways' framework. Informs discussions on bringing about a step change in sustainability in the education sector. Readership Architects, designers, contractors, educationalists, government and local authorities BR491 

Schools Design Forum Workshop 13 September 2006
The Schools Design Forum (SDF) is a new initiative by the BRE Trust and the Sustainable Development Commission to progress the aims of the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. The Forum brings together leading practitioners who are committed to bringing about a change in the way sustainability is understood, delivered and shared in schools. This report highlights the output from an SDF workshop held on 13 September 2006 at BRE, carefully structured to tackle the questions: - Where are we now? - Where would we like to be - How do we get there? Key findings from discussions involving 60 experts provide thought-provoking insights into how the built environment can play its part in making the learning environment more sustainable. The full verbatim responses are available in a companion publication BR491. Features / Benefits Summarises views of 60 experts from Schools Design Forum Workshop. Sets out to address key questions: Where are we now? Where would we like to be? How do we get there? Carefully structured around eight DfES educatio 'doorways'. Provides significant pointers to delivering sustainable schools. Readership Architects, designers, construction contractors, educationalists, local authorities BR492 

Timber frame dwellings. Conservation of fuel and power: AD L1A guidelines
This Digest explains how the requirements of the building regulations for conservation of fuel and power may be satisfied for a new dwelling built with timber frame construction. It provides guidance on the relevant regulations, showing various approaches to compliance, together with four worked examples involving timber frame build solutions. Seventeen examples of timber frame wall, roof and floor constructions show how suitable U-values may be achieved for a variety of timber frame constructions. It is written for the timber frame industry, and for designers, architects and builders who may be considering using timber frame, and for enforcers of the regulations who are assessing applications. The new Part L of the Building Regulations that came into effect in April 2006 is markedly different from the previous regulations in their criteria for compliance. This fully revised edition of Special Digest 2 will enable designers to align their designs with the new Regulations simply and effectively. It replaces the 2002 edition of Special Digest 2. SD2 

Using experience and publications in building design
Based on a study of live architectural practices, this paper describes how designers work, how they use experience and publications, and how they learn through practice. A checklist for individual designers recommends how to make better use of experience and publications. IP13/85