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Home > Materials > Composites, fibre reinforced materials and metals

Composites, fibre reinforced materials and metals


Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305 

Advanced polymer composites in construction
Fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) have been used in construction for several decades, mainly for non-structural architectural applications such as cladding. Advanced polymer composites have superior properties and offer benefits in a range of applications such as sandwich panels, modular units, structural components, reinforcing bars, and structural repair and strengthening. This Paper focuses on the properties of the materials and their uses. Polymer composites offer the architect, designer, structural engineer and building owner many advantages over traditional construction materials.  IP7/99 

Architectural use of polymer composites
This Digest deals with various aspects of polymer composites from the point of view of the properties of the materials and the architectural uses to which they are put, the design of the composites, the in-service properties of the materials and the construction and erection of the components. It primarily discusses glass-reinforced plastics but also highlights uses and potential uses of other polymer composite systems. DG442 

Cement-bonded particleboard
Describes the physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded particleboard and summarises existing guidance on how it can be used successfully. IP14/92 

Composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on composites, metals, paints, adhesives and sealants. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP253 

Corrosion of metals by wood
This Digest summarises the present state of knowledge and gives advice on good practice for the protection of metal in contact with wood. DG301 

Corrosion of metals in swimming pool buildings
Swimming pool ceilings may be in danger of collapse due to deterioration in stainless steels used in the wire hangers of ceiling suspension systems. This report provides guidance for inspection and remedial measures, and recommendations for materials more suitable than the austenitic stainless steels commonly used. BR165 

Durability of non-asbestos fibre-reinforced cement
Samples of commercial non-asbestos products have been exposed to natural weathering for several years and their durability assessed by measuring their mechanical properties. This paper presents the results to date. IP1/91 

Effective use of fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This state-of-the-art report presents information to enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It will be of interest to those with little knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. The report reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, outlines the benefits of using FRPs for certain applications, and details case studies illustrating best practice in the use of FRP components. A comprehensive reference and further reading list are given. FB8 

Fibre building board: types and uses
The term 'fibre building board' encompasses a range of panel products with different properties and appearance. This paper describes the types currently available and outlines existing guidance on how they can be used successfully. IP12/91 

Fibre reinforced plastics for concrete reinforcement
This report takes account of the views expressed at an industry meeting held in September 1996. It sets out the current position of fibre reinforced plastics materials as reinforcement for concrete, summarising structural design considerations including the Eurocrete programme, material aspects, manufacturing techniques, and current limitations. BR322 

Fibre reinforced polymer materials in construction
This paper provides information which will enable the effective specification and application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction. It reviews design and specification considerations which may lead to the choice of FRPs, and outlines the key benefits. The paper will be of particular interest to those with little previous knowledge of fibre reinforced materials, or their application in construction. IP5/04 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction
The use of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs) in construction is likely to expand rapidly as construction demands improved performance and cleaner processes. This book gives the background to the application of FRPs in construction, along with issues relating to durability and performance in service. Twenty-seven case studies highlight actual performance in the field both successes and failures. The case study reviews show that, where appropriately designed, polymer composite structures perform well. BR461 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: durability
This paper provides information on the performance in service of fibre reinforced polymers (FRPs). It gives the background to FRP application in construction, along with key issues relating to durability and performance in service.  IP10/03 

Fibre reinforced polymers in construction: predicting weathering
This paper summarises the options available for predicting the weathering properties of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) components for use in construction. It outlines the key test methods and standards governing their use. The suitability and limitations of the methods are explained. The paper will be of benefit to those wanting to specify FRP components for construction applications and those involved in their manufacture. IP11/03 

Fibre-reinforced lightweight inorganic materials
Discusses the potential of alkali-resistant and other glass fibres as substitutes for asbestos in low density products. IP29/81 

GRC
A description of the properties of typical examples of glass fibre-reinforced cement. The Digest also outlines factors of importance for some of the more common applications of grc in construction such as cladding, formwork and a range of stock products. DG331 

Moisture resistance of laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
This paper describes assessments of methods of establishing the suitability of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) for use in moisture-hazardous environments. IP8/96 

Non-Portland cement grc
Summarises the main findings of the investigations of long-term properties of grc made from HAC, SSC and Portland Blast Furnace cement (PBFC) and indicates possible applications. IP7/82 

Polymer composites in construction
Advanced composite materials have superior properties that offer real benefits to the construction industry and are becoming established as important materials in all forms of structures. As their properties are better understood and appreciated, their use in construction will increase. This publication deals with the properties, manufacturing techniques, design, performance and use of these materials in the UK and overseas; it includes examples, lists of consultants, manufacturers and materials suppliers. It is fully referenced and gives useful further reading. BR405 

Polymer modified grc
Describes the mechanical properties of polymer-modified grc made by using CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres as the reinforcement and OPC or OPC and pfa as the matrix. IP10/87 

Properties of grc containing pfa
Reviews the long-term strength properties of grc made from OPC and CemFIL alkali-resistant glass fibres with pfa. Results of research on similar grc composites reinforced by the improved CemFIL2 fibre shows the benefits obtained through the use of this material. IP11/86 

Recycling fibre reinforced polymers in construction
Provides information on the disposal and recycling options for FRP waste, uses of FRP recyclate, ecocomposites, and composite recycling facilities. It enables you to make informed decisions about material choices at the specification stage, consider factors to enable easier deconstruction at the design stage and assess the disposal options at the end of the service life. Details legislation which will impact on choices for material re-use, recycling or disposal, discusses research into recyclability, describes products that can be manufactured from FRP recyclate, and presents a financial assessment for disposal and recycling options. BR467 

Repair and maintenance of FRP structures
This Good Repair Guide sets out recommendations for the routine inspection and management of FRP structures. Details of repair techniques are also given together with their limitations. GR34 

Stainless steel as a building material
A review of the three basic classes of stainless steel with indications of the alloys currently most suitable for different building applications. DG349 

The effect of weathering on the properties of fibre building board
Unprotected fibre building board deteriorates when exposed to the weather. This leaflet shows how surface coatings can improve the performance of boards used outside. IP20/81 

The performance of fibre cement slates: effects of condensation
Changes in construction methods and materials, such as breathable membranes and high performance thermal insulation, introduce new issues for the integrity of buildings. One of these is cyclic condensation in the batten void of roofs and possible adverse effects on fibre cement slates. This Information Paper decribes tests to determine whether fibre cement slates deform or lose strength following two months of cyclic condensation. IP19/01 

The use of glass-reinforced cement in cladding panels
Reports a survey of the incidence of cracking in service of grc cladding panels at 35 sites. Makes recommendations which should result in improved applications of grc cladding. BR49 

Weathering performance of building materials in the Middle East
Reports on the performance of samples of a number of building materials exposed for three to four years at a weathering site in the hot dry climate of Dubai in the Middle East. The materials studied included plastics sheets and extrusions, cement sheets reinforced with inorganic-fibres, flexible synthetic sealants, surface coatings on rendered blockwork and on wood composite boards, and coated and uncoated metals. IP7/86 

Wood cement particle board - a technical assessment
Assesses the physical and mechanical properties of a representative selection of boards in three different thickness classes. Also discusses present and future uses of the boards. IP4/83 

Wood plastic composites and plastic lumber
Wood plastic composite (WPC) is a term which refers to a composite containing wood in any form, combined with thermoplastics or thermoset plastics. Thermoplastics include polyethylene and polypropylene which are used in numerous non-structural applications, such as bottles and containers. Thermoset plastics are formed from resins such as polyester and epoxy. Solid recycled plastic lumber (RPL), which is usually made from waste plastics without any wood or fibre element, also competes in this non-structural role.  DG480 

Wood plastic composites: market drivers and opportunities in Europe
Wood and polymer composites can achieve performance properties previously unavailable. Composites of wood and polyethylene, polypropylene, or PVC and plastic lumber are a hot topic in building products and industrial and consumer uses are emerging for wood composites, with heightened demand driven by their greater durability, lower maintenance, lighter weight, and lower cost. New compounding technologies enable thinner profiles for such uses as window profiles, and expand the use of composites beyond the thick profiles for decking. IP2/04 

Zinc-coated steel
Zinc corrodes slowly relative to steel; in most atmospheres and many waters, the average rate of attack is about one twenty-fifth that of steel. This Digest explains how zinc coating protects steel galvanically and provides sacrificial protection. DG305