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Home > Environment and services > Electrical and control systems

Electrical and control systems


A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01 

A new method for predicting energy saving from on/off photoelectric controls
Automatic daylight-linked lighting controls can reduce building energy costs if enough daylight is available on working areas during the year. This paper describes a new method, based on recent daylight measurements at BRE, to enable these energy savings to be predicted more accurately. IP14/84 

Advanced technologies for 21st century building services
In the 21st century there will be increasing demand for high performance building services, providing better energy efficiency as well as being robust, user friendly and providing an excellent indoor anvironment. This Paper reviews technologies examined in the DETR-funded Advanced Technology Transfer Project, and indicates areas where further work would be worthwhile. IP17/00 

Electrical interference in buildings
Electrical interference has been identified as a main cause of malfunction in electronic building services equipment. A description is given of the types of electrical disturbance causing interference and suggestions are provided on techniques to minimise its effects. DG335 

Electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on electrical, lighting, acoustics and control systems. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 33 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP257 

Electromagnetic compatibility of building services: towards a European standard
Advanced electronic controls used in building services can be affected by electrical noise from other sources. BRE has developed an electromagnetic compatibility standard for building services electronics. IP15/89 

Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for microelectronics in building services
The proposed standard specifies the levels of electromagnetic emission and immunity which manufacturers' products need to satisfy if they are to function satisfactorily in the intended electromagnetic environment, without adversely affecting that environment or other electronic systems. BR102 

Electromagnetic fields: a review of the evidence for effects on health
Considers theories that exposure to electric or magnetic fields at work or in the home can damage health and reviews the literature. Contains analysis of problems in study methods and examines biological experiments on possible mechanisms for the interaction of living tissue and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. Specialist terms are explained in a glossary. BR206 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used successfully in several sectors of industry. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for construction is estimated to be hundreds of millions of pounds. The two parts of this paper give the findings of a scoping study to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/2 

Electronic tagging and wireless technologies
Wireless and tagging technologies have been used in several sectors of the industry successfully and shown significant benefits to their users. Their potential for costs savings and productivity improvement for the construction industry is estimated to be in hundreds of millions of pounds. This paper gives the findings of a scoping study carried out to evaluate the potential for the use of information and communication technologies within the supply chain of the construction industry, and, in particular, in the logistics of construction related products. IP16/02/1 

IT Case Studies
A collection of 24 Case Studies on the application of information technology produced by the Building Centre Trust, covering a wide range of construction organisations architects, contractors, clients, surveyors, manufacturers etc. Each study is written by an impartial author and monitored by an independent steering group. ITC1 

Information technology trends and the construction industry
This report examines different areas of information technology, and comments on the implications of IT development for the construction industry. The techniques described, along with all the other aspects of emerging IT, are likely to have the greatest impact on tomorrow's construction industry. BR269 

Installing BMS to meet electromagnetic compatibility requirements
Advises on avoiding electrical interference to building management systems (BMS), which like all electronic products are inherently susceptible to it. DG424 

Internet Protocol: an introductory guide
Internet Protocol is the language that computers use to communicate with each other over networks. With the convergence of IT and building management networks, IP is likely to emerge as the predominant communications standard for such networks. This Information Paper provides an introduction to IP and its application to building services such as CCTV/security, VoIP, HVAC, lighting and entertainment systems. Issues such as security and reliability of IP communication must be considered before implementing fully integrated IP based services, and this paper will facilitate the decision making process. Features / Benefits ~A guide to what Internet Protocol is and how it works, anticipating its widespread use in managing building services and facilities ~Explains how IP works and its applications in intelligent building systems and services Readership Building services engineers, facilities managers, network specialists IP1/07 

Magnetic fields and building services
Focuses on the magnetic fields in non-domestic buildings produced by building services equipment. IP2/97 

Photovoltaics: integration into buildings
Electrical power from solar energy has been investigated and used in small-scale applications for many years. Environmental considerations now make it imperative to apply the technology to buildings. This Digest describes photovoltaic options and installations in relation to standards and regulations, compatibility with other building elements, safety and ease of maintenance. It will help architects, designers of building components, specifiers and owners to identify the main issues and practicalities of using photovoltaic systems to supplement conventional electricity generation for buildings. DG438 

Prefabricated power cabling for buildings
Prefabricated cabling systems for lighting and small power distribution in buildings can speed up the installation of systems and equipment. Building owners, consultants, electrical contractors and suppliers of electrical fittings cannot afford to ignore the technologies and products now available. This Digest presents guidance on procuring and installing prefabricated cabling systems, including a suggested procedure for on-site inspection and testing of products that have been pretested in the factory. DG456 

Protecting buildings against lightning
A lightning protection system (LPS) for any structure is a sensible precaution, but its installation is particularly important where there is a clear risk to life, the structure or its contents are irreplaceable, or essential services could be affected. This Digest gives guidance on calculating the risk of a building being struck by lightning and describes the principles of designing LPS for new and existing buildings.  DG428 

Review of knowledge-based systems for the construction industry
This report reviews work relating to knowledge-based systems (KBSs), explains key concepts and alternative approaches, and reviews the current status of KBSs in the construction industry. It describes the UK knowledge-based network, its progress to date and the future workplan. It summarises areas of application of importance to the construction industry and which seem to be amenable to the development of KBSs. (Available on CD ROM 10/98) BR348 

Specification of building management systems
Proceedings of a symposium held by BRE in association with CIBSE at Garston in May 1983. BR46 

Standardised and prefabricated wiring for buildings
Benefits of standardising and prefabricating the electrical and electronic wiring systems in buildings for power distribution, environmental monitoring and control, data and voice communications include: simpler design and project planning, better quality control, faster, easier and safer installation, assured preformance and reliability, enhanced system flexibity and reusability, and lower whole-life costs. Part 1 focuses on the whole-life benefits, and ways of overcoming barriers to their wider use. Part 2 describes case studies highlighting savings that can be achieved.  IP15/01