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Home > Fire and security > Fire safety, security and crime prevention

Fire safety, security and crime prevention


Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions ¿ the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425¿1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
¿The Front Room Fire¿ and ¿Front Room Fire 2¿ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. `The Front Room Fire¿ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. `Front Room Fire 2¿ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2 

Aspects of fire precautions in buildings
An introduction to the passive aspects of fire precautions – the measures taken and protection provided in a building, for example, to minimise the risk to occupants, contents and structure from an outbreak of fire. It describes the nature of fire, structural fire protection techniques and means of escape.  BR225 

British statutes relating to fire 1425–1963
Gives the background to present day statutory provisions appertaining to fire and contains extracts from both public and local acts. BR87 

Crime opportunity profiling of streets (COPS)
This report is an evaluated overview of European practices for Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), and focuses on exemplars formed into a toolkit of crime and anti-social behaviour prevention strategies. The following tools were identified for detailed analysis and to form part of the toolkit: * Crime Opportunity Profiling of Streets (COPS), UK * Kids & Space, the Netherlands * Virtual CPTED, the Netherlands * Visual Inspection/Stickers to Safety, the Netherlands * Police Label Secured Housing, the Netherlands * Criminological Regional Analysis (CRA), Germany * Integrated Audits (in crime prevention and traffic safety), Germany The research demonstrated that the most effective approach across Europe combines: physical approaches, focusing on architecture, urban planning, target hardening, etc; social approaches focusing on victims, offenders, guardians, city management, maintenance, etc, and organisational approaches focusing on structuring the partnership process of implementing measures. Sixteen Annexes included on a CD Rom, provide case studies, supporting papers and presentations on the individual tools from the project partners, with numerous colour illustrations. FB12 

Domestic burglaries: the burglar's view
This paper, the first of two, provides a picture of burglar behaviour. It summarises the results from a project in which burglars' methods were assessed in relation to police-approved crime-prevention measures. It offers a model of the burglar's decision-making process, which can play an important role in risk analysis for building-related crime. IP19/93 

Domestic burglaries: the police view
This paper, the second of two, provides a picture of current crime-prevention advice and describes how it relates to patterns of burglar behaviour. It suggests that a flexible risk model can be applied to specific buildings to reduce the risk of burglary and related crime. IP20/93 

Evaluation of Secured by Design in public sector housing
A summary of the results of a two-year PIT project assessing the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme in public sector housing. It provides analysis and interpretation of ten surveys of housing in the public sector which met the SBD criteria and one survey of housing which applied but did not receive the SBD award.  BR381 

Experiments at the Multifunctioneel Trainingcentrum, Ghent, on the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting
Describes a series of experiments to validate a mathematical model of the effect of roof venting on the operation of sprinklers, details of which are in BR 213. BR224 

False alarms from automatic fire detection systems
Outlines the conclusions of a study on the false alarms from AFDS. Stresses the importance of people and their behaviour as well as the design characteristics of the system. Presents quantitative data concerning the effects of electrical storms. Suggests measure to reduce the nuisance of fire alarms. IP13/92 

Fire doors
This Digest describes the role played by fire doors, the methods of assessing their performance, and requirements made under regulations and codes of practice. DG320 

Fire safety engineering
This guide provides basic descriptions for a number of key topics encountered in fire safety engineering and aspects that should be considered by designers, enforcers and other responsible persons. It is a reference for those who only occasionally encounter different aspects of fire safety engineering or are new to the subject. For more experienced practitioners it provides a useful short cut to finding information in more detailed references. The text is formatted so that the user can annotate their own copy to build a personalised desktop reference to their own application of fire safety engineering. The guide is divided into eight main sections: general topics (eg the laws of thermodynamics), fire growth, smoke spread and control, structural fire protection, detection and suppression, Fire Service intervention, human factors, and risk assessment. The report ends with a short list of references and a detailed index.  BR459 

Fire safety in buildings
This is a view of how Building Regulations and fire protection measures relate to actual fires. The report makes a number of suggestions for the improvement of fire protection measures and legislation. BR96 

Front Room Fire 2
This video reflects the many changes in legislation, furniture manufacture, fire-fighting techniques, and contents of a typical front room since 'Front room fire' was filmed in the late 1980s. (10 minutes) VB1 

Front room fire
’The Front Room Fire’ and ’Front Room Fire 2’ have become two of the most popular training aids used by fire brigades and fire safety trainers across the world. These two videos are now available in their original versions and together for the first time on DVD. ‘The Front Room Fire’ shows the rapid development of a fire in older non fire-retardant furniture, which is still found in many properties. ‘Front Room Fire 2’ records the slower growth of a fire in new furniture and focuses on the contents and accessories found in most modern homes which can also lead to a major fire.  AP248 

It happens every day: how to use fire extinguishers in your office
This video, shot in a demonstration office built in the BRE Fire Division's Burn Hall, follows the experiences of two trainees in dealing with recreated but real fire situations. After demonstrations by an expert, they are taken through key steps to enable them to successfully and safely deal with a small fire in an office using a water fire extinguisher and, in the case of an electrical fire, a carbon dioxide extinguisher. VB3 

Locks on doors and flats: ergonomic requirements
Gives guidance on the design and selection of locks that most people, including the elderly, can open in 5 seconds or less and so escape quickly from a flat in the event of an emergency. IP1/92 

Making crime our business
This guide presents a proactive approach to crime prevention. It aims to persuade Registered Social Landlords and housing managers that crime and anti-social behaviour should be regarded as a business issue. The guide and accompanying spreadsheet present clear and concise information, which provide a structure for estimating the cost of crime to landlords and advice regarding the possible action to take. In effect this will help communication with tenants and other agencies such as local authorities and police. BR383 

Photoluminescent markings for escape routes
Guidance on the use of photoluminescent markings as an alternative or supplement to traditional emergency escape lighting. Aimed at those responsible for safety in buildings and, in particular, for the design of escape routes. IP17/89 

Probabilistic evaluation of structural fire protection
Only a few fires in buildings grow into a fully-developed 'post-flashover' stage. The intense heat can cause progressive deterioration of the structural boundaries of a compartment which might 'fail' to prevent the spread of fire to adjacent compartments. Protection against such a rare event by providing sufficient fire resistance to a compartment has long been the core of fire safety codes and regulations. The object of structural fire design is to determine the level of fire resistance period which will minimise the possibility of failure by maximising the time taken by the compartment boundaries to reach the limiting states. FN8 

Quantifying the cost of meeting Building Regulations fire safety requirements in new buildings
This report shows that, as a percentage of building cost, the application of the Approved Document as a means of meeting the requirements of the Building Regulations is always less than 10%, ranging from less than 1% for single storey industrial sheds to over 8% for shopping complexes. BR312 

Safe as houses?
Of the 2.7 million injuries from accidents in the home each year, over a million are from falls, of which half can be related to design or maintenance. This Digest highlights the potential for accidents in the home, and how to reduce this by good design. It is aimed at architects, designers, landlords and home owners. The main locations and building features in the home where building-related accidents are likely are considered. Design features that may reduce the likelihood of accidents are presented as design checklists. Some of this guidance is based on Building Regulations but extends the recommendations in the regulations to propose homes that are even safer by design. DG458 

Securing your hotel
This guide provides the hotel owner and manager with straightforward, practical information on how to make existing hotels secure for customers and staff. It encourages an overall view of security in the hotel and a coordinated approach which embraces best practice in hotel security management. It introduces the types of crime that may be experienced, identifies the ways a hotel can deter a criminal and summarises the management of security. A walk-through is crucial in building an understanding of the current level of security. The guide reviews actions that may be taken in the light of the walk-through. It includes a section on the wider processes of security management and what needs to be done to keep a hotel secure, and a checklist for assessing security and keeping priority actions under review. Features / Benefits Accessible and straightforward guidance Explains how to carry out a walk-through and act on the results Includes security checklist Foreword by Philippe Rossiter, Hotel and Catering International Management Association Readership Hotel owners and managers, security consultants, police crime reduction and architectural liaison officers AP249 

Sprinkler operation and the effect of venting
Details the interaction between sprinklers and smoke venting. BR213 

The role of windows in domestic burglary
In at least half of all domestic burglaries entry is gained through ground-floor windows. This paper describes a study designed to test current thinking on how window design affects the way burglars operate. IP18/94 

Your Office Fire
An office fire is shown in real time reaching flashover about 4.5 minutes after ignition. It involves materials that are typical of many offices. (12 minutes) VB2