ihs brepress logo bre connect Website

Order BRE books from IHS BRE Press

t: +44 (0) 1344 328038
f: +44 (0) 1344 328005
e: brepress@ihs.com

Online:
www.ihsbrepress.com

 

 

CIS Service Website

Call +44 (0)1344 328300 to discuss your online construction information requirements

Home > Environment and services > Heating, insulation and air conditioning

Heating, insulation and air conditioning


Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264 

Air as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems in buildings
Using air as refrigerant in air conditioning systems has enormous advantages over conventional refrigerants, many of which have harmful environmental effects, and are flammable or toxic. However, using air for refrigeration in buildings has been held back by the perception of poor energy efficiency of air cycle systems. This paper reports on collaborative research by BRE and the University of Bristol to build an air cycle system for simultaneous heating and cooling in buildings, with lower overall energy consumption and environmental impact than conventional heating and refrigeration plant.  IP21/00 

Air conditioning systems in buildings using air cycle technology
This guide describes options for air cycles to meet different building load profiles; these include using multiples of the demonstration system to meet either or both of the maximum heating/cooling loads where the air cycle system is sized to match.  BR416 

Ammonia refrigerant in buildings: minimising the hazards
Ammonia is being increasingly used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems because of its low environmental impact and excellent refrigeration properties. However, ammonia is toxic which means that great care is needed in its use. This paper shows that the design of safe ammonia systems must also take into account dispersal mechanisms. IP18/00 

An introduction to infra-red thermography for building surveys
Infra-red thermography is a valuable tool for measuring the thermal performance of buildings. This paper is concerned with the thermal behaviour of buildings and their components, and describes methods and precautions to be adopted with the technique. IP7/90 

Building services
The fourth book in the BRE Building Elements series, this book is about the gamut of fuelled, piped, ducted, wired and mechanical facilities which extend over the whole age range of the UKs building stock. It is the quality of heating, artificial lighting and other services, such as refuse disposal which makes an other wise bare carcass habitable - even efficient and enjoyable.  BR404 

Condensing boilers: how they compare with other systems in the BRE low-energy office
The BRE low-energy office (LEO) at Garston was among the first buildings constructed in the UK with the aim of minimising energy use. This paper reports on the performance of this condensing boiler-based wet heating system (refurbished in 1989) and compares it with other performances in previous years, including that of the building's electric heating system. IP6/91 

Condensing boilers: reduced space-heating costs in large residential dwellings
Owners of buildings in which space heating is provided by centralised, gas-fired plants can reduce costs with highly efficient condensing boilers. IP19/89 

Cooling buildings in London
Significant underestimates of cooling loads can result from the use of rural temperature data. This guide presents the results of long-term measurements of air temperatures at 80 sites around London and includes on a diskette a design tool to allow the designer to modify Bracknell temperature data. It also outlines techniques to reduce the effects of the Central London heat island by careful design of the building and its surroundings. BR431 

Cost and performance of solar water-heating systems in the UK
Experience of installing over 80 solar water heating systems in single family dwellings is analysed to assess the potential for cost reduction. IP14/81 

District heating combined with electricity generation: cost-effectiveness factors
Several issues which have a bearing on the cost-effectiveness of district heating with electricity generation (CHP/DH) are examined. IP17/81 

Energy, insulation and air conditioning pack
A valuable reference library of BRE Digests, Good Building Guides, Good Repair Guides and Information papers on energy, insulation and air conditioning. One of a series of 19 compilations of BRE expert guidance and advice and presented in an attractive ring binder for ease of use. Exceptional value. Features / Benefits Exceptional value 23 BRE publications compiled into a single binder Forms an easy to use library of key information and guidance Readership Construction professionals  AP258 

Evaporative heat meters in district heating schemes
Compares evaporative radiator heat meters with other methods of apportioning heat consumption. IP15/81 

Free cooling with displacement ventilation
Recent BRE research has shown that displacement ventilation on its own using appropriate diffusers can deal with heat loads of 5060 W/m2 in typical office environments without causing thermal discomfort outside the diffuser outflow zone. This opens up the possibility of using free cooling to reduce the energy used for cooling. IP6/02 

Perimeter chilled beams
Passive chilled beams installed in the perimeter of buildings can be highly effective for off-setting direct solar gains and ensuring good thermal comfort in the perimeter zone. This Paper presents the findings of a research project that has investigated the performance of perimeter chilled beams and developed guidance on avoiding the design pitfalls. IP11/04 

Space and hot water heating: energy-efficiency in large gas-fired systems
Some schemes for large gas-fired systems may lead to operating inefficiencies. The author describes some simple energy-efficient measures that can be applied to the design and specification of centralised heating plants for residential accommodation. IP11/89 

The BRESTART self-adaptive optimum start algorithm
Describes the new optimum start algorithm BRESTART for control of heating plant in conventionally heated buildings. IP17/85 

The performance of condensing boilers in non-domestic dwellings
Monitoring of gas-fired condensing boilers providing space heating to hospital buildings on a widely-dispersed site has shown that the extra capital cost of these boilers compared with conventional plant was recouped by one year's energy savings. Similar installations in offices, etc, should lead to payback periods of fewer than five years. IP14/89 

The performance of gas-fired condensing boilers in family housing
A review of the results and lessons learned from an extensive programme of monitoring family houses in which gas-fired condensing boilers for space and domestic hot water heating were compared with houses containing conventional boilers. Economic aspects of operating the boilers are considered. IP10/88 

Thermal comfort: past, present and future
Proceedings of a conference held at BRE, Garston, 910 June 1993. BR264